Bollards come in different styles and designs and they also serve different purposes like managing traffic, providing road safety and blocking pathways etc. Bollards are also designed to serve in different vicinities like government buildings, restaurants, parking areas, public parks and hospitals etc.
In the simplest terms, a bollard is a metallic body placed on the ground to block vehicles. This blockage could be against anything. It could be against entering inside a building, entering the wrong lane or providing Telescopic Security Posts to any landscape etc. bollards are mostly installed in a line with even spaces between them so that vehicle access could be blocked but still allowing space for pedestrians.
Bollards come with varying options. Some are fixed while some could be detached from the ground to allow vehicle access. Similarly they are made of different materials like concrete, plastic, metal, steel and wood etc. It is dependent on the purpose of bollard which decides the material to be used. Some bollards are also foldable that can be folded and put away when not in use.
Some bollards are for decorative purposes while others are used for safety purposes. That is why there is a variety of bollards available for a different array of customers. Following are some of the basic categories in which we can divide bollards.
1. Decorative Bollards
Decorative bollards are not used to block or guide traffic. They are mostly used for decorative purposes only. They are used to identify paths and walkways in the park etc. they are usually installed at a distance of four to six feet from one another and they are fixed on the ground with the help of bolts. Common materials used for decorative bollards are plastic, lightweight steel and aluminium. Decorative bollards are rated as low impact bollards.
2. Safety Bollards
Safety bollards are rated to have medium level impact. They are mostly used to stop the rolling vehicle or to prevent accidental movement against a building or structure. You must have seen safety bollards in front of gas or electricity meters. These bollards help in securing the property against vehicular collision or any other damage. These bollards are fixed in the ground with the help of concrete. They also used thick steel for making safety bollards.
3. Security Bollards
They are heavy duty and heavy weight bollards used to reduce the impact of collision with the vehicle. They are rated as high impact bollards. They are made in a way to withstand the impact of collision with fast moving vehicles or trucks with heavy loads. They are made of sturdy materials like metal and steel with concrete inside to make it more strong and able to withstand the collision.
All of the above mentioned three categories have their importance according to their utility in different areas of life. People should select the bollards wisely according to the place where they have to be installed.
Use of Bollards in Different Areas
Many areas of life make use of bollards for different purposes. Some of them are discussed below.
1. Government Buildings
Police stations, fire departments, courthouses and ambulance garages etc all of them make use of bollards to protect their property and manage traffic flow outside and around their buildings and offices. Government buildings are also at a risk of having terrorist attacks. That is why they install bollards outside and around the buildings to protect it against any terrorist activity. The bollards also help to provide safety for visitors who visit government buildings. They are also used to prohibit unauthorised vehicle access or entry inside the building. Government buildings mostly prefer safety or security bollards because they are medium or high impact rated regarding crashes and collisions.
2. Shopping Malls
All of you must have been to a shopping mall many times in your lives. Have you noticed where the bollards are placed inside or outside the shopping malls? Probably you have not noticed but the bollards are everywhere. They are along the cart stand, blocking the base of escalators and at building corners. You will find them in many places in and outside shopping malls.
3. Toll Booths
Toll booths are considered to be high-risk areas when it comes to vehicle collisions. That is why bollards are placed to separate the lanes and for preventing the risk of vehicle collision. Drivers in cars on toll booths are more focused on the booth instead of the road. That is why the chance of collision increases.
Restaurants have a mix of decorative and safety bollards. They use decorative bollards in areas where they want to direct the pedestrian traffic. While they use safety bollards at places where they want to guide vehicular traffic for example at the drive through. Bollards are very useful for restaurants as they prevent the congestion of traffic around the place by guiding and controlling the traffic in the best possible way and without any hassle.
Bollards are no doubt the best product for controlling, guiding and managing traffic. They provide you the best option for the prevention of accidents and collisions.