What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia
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Men who notice unusual breast growth should consult the best endocrinologist in Lahore. The specialist will conduct relevant tests to diagnose the cause of the disease. It will help the specialist provide information regarding a suitable treatment plan to avoid complications.

Gynecomastia is a condition in which men suffer from the enlargement of the breast tissues due to hormonal imbalance. The patient may suffer from nipple discharge and tenderness in the breast, which can cause discomfort and anxiety. Men above sixty are at a higher risk of suffering from gynecomastia and complications. However, the available treatment is known to be beneficial in a smooth recovery. The common symptoms that correlate with gynecomastia are:

  • The patient can notice the visible change in their physical appearance.
  • The person experiences tenderness in the breasts.
  • The swelling in the breast tissue can lead to pain and discomfort.
  • The discharge from one or both nipples can cause the individual to become anxious. It can affect the overall performance and mental health.

The known causes of gynecomastia are:

  • The hormonal change during puberty can cause the person to notice changes in appearance. Boys can notice swelling around their breasts; however, the condition changes in six months without medical intervention.
  • Men above sixty can notice changes in the breasts due to hormonal imbalance.
  • Men consuming Anti-androgens, androgens, and Anabolic Steroids for medical reasons are at a higher risk of gynecomastia as a complication of the medications.
  • Men taking anti-depressants for a long time are at a higher risk of suffering from gynecomastia.
  • Medications for AIDS can affect hormones and lead to gynecomastia.
  • Men must keep a healthy lifestyle. It helps in the regulation of bodily functions. Men suffering from malnourishment are at a higher risk of hormonal imbalance that can lead to gynecomastia.
  • Men suffering from medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism and hypogonadism are more likely to notice changes in their physical appearance due to hormonal imbalance. Without proper medical intervention, it can lead to gynecomastia.
  • Men above sixty are at a higher risk of kidney failure, cirrhosis, and tumor that can affect the hormonal balance. It can lead to gynecomastia and related complications.

The men suffering from gynecomastia can become anxious and conscious regarding their physical appearance. It can affect their overall functioning and confidence. The patients are at a higher risk of suffering from emotional stress that can lead to mental disorders such as body dysmorphia.

The tests that help diagnose an individual with gynecomastia are:

  • The specialist will conduct a thorough physical exam to detect the changes in the breast development, which indicates that the individual is suffering from hormonal imbalance.
  • The specialist will ask the patient about the medical conditions and intake of medications to determine the cause of the disease.
  • The blood testing will help diagnose the exact cause of the hormonal imbalance. It will determine the preexisting medical condition that led to gynecomastia.
  • The imaging tests such as mammograms and CT scans detect the abnormalities in the breasts.
  • The biopsy will closely examine the breast tissue to rule out the possibility of cancer.

The procedures that are proven effective in treating an individual with gynecomastia are:

  • Mastectomy: It is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon removes the breast gland tissue. It helps the patient feel confident regarding their physical appearance.
  • Liposuction: It is a surgical procedure that removes excess breast fat. It allows the person to feel normal and confident again.
  • Hormone Therapy: The therapy helps balance the hormones. The men can notice changes in their breasts after hormonal balance.

Men diagnosed with gynecomastia must consult an endocrinologist in Karachi for information regarding the surgical procedures. The specialist will help the individual follow a healthy lifestyle that can help regulate bodily functions without further complications. Men must not delay their visit to a doctor as it can affect their quality of life and lead to physical and mental health problems.

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